The most ancient archaeological finds concerning Riccione and the nearby area from prehistory to Roman times are collected in the halls of the Museum of the Territory.
From the first introductory stage displaying the origin and evolution of life on the Earth, the visitor moves to the section representing the geological structure of the area with a rich collection of fossils, rocks and minerals.
The ancient environment of the low Conca valley, populated during the Palaeolithic period, has been accurately portrayed through the exposition of flint wares and ceramics testifying the beginning of the first agricultural and farming settlements.
Iron objects are from the surrounding area and are dated from the Aeneolithic to the Iron Age.
The last section is entirely dedicated to the Roman colonization and shows items found in some old farms of the region and along the consular Via Flaminia.
Villa Franceschi hosts the local Modern and Contemporary Art Gallery. The exhibition opens with an eighteenth-century work by the Bolognese artist Mauro Tesi, and continues through nine rooms illustrating the salient features of the twentieth-century Italian art, especially of the latter half of this period. Visitors can admire paintings, sculptures, drawings, and graphic art exemplifying the figurative poetics of contemporary art, including works by Alberto Burri, Alberto Sughi, Vincenzo Satta, Virgilio Guidi, Pompilio Mandelli, Mattia Moreni, Luciano Minguzzi, Renato Birolli and Ennio Morlotti.
Villa Franceschi is also the venue for temporary exhibitions which accompany the permanent collection occasionally through the year.
The collection includes more than 40,000 volumes, 120 periodicals, 600 films and documentaries. The online catalogue takes part in the National Library Service.
The library provides the following services: Internet, wifi connection, video archive, periodicals archive, photocopying service, bibliography searching, interlibrary loan, music listening.
The building was built in 1951 as a meeting place for the inhabitants and since then it has become the most important spot in town for performances and artistic activities.
The name (in local pronunciation Arcaton) comes from the Greek and Byzantine occupation dated back to the sixth century AD: "Archeion" is the name of a plant, the burr, which still grows spontaneously in some areas of the beach now occupied by the bathing establishments but which was once abundant on the desert shore of Riccione.
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